By Alex RiggsUpdated: October 29, 2019 09:51:56When the ceasefire brokered by India and Pakistan last year, there was a sense of relief that the region’s political crisis was finally at an end.
But now the long-running conflict has brought into sharper focus a long-standing grievance – the Kashmiri-Muslim majority in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is not fully represented in the state’s parliament.
And while the region has seen several elections since its independence from Pakistan in 1947, this is the first time since 2014 that the minority Kashmiris have been allowed to participate in the national political process.
The Indian government has been reluctant to concede to this request, citing concerns about a rise in separatist activity in the region, particularly in the north.
This year, after more than a year of tense negotiations, India finally conceded that Kashmir was indeed a part of India and the federal government promised that the area would be incorporated into the state of India.
The talks have been plagued by disputes over the jurisdiction of the region.
India wants the federal capital of New Delhi to be the seat of the state assembly, and the central government insists that the territory be given full autonomy, although the Indian parliament has the power to appoint the chief justice and the other members of the five-member executive council.
The separatist movement has long claimed that Kashmir is rightfully theirs.
The two sides have also disagreed over the exact location of the disputed area, the status of the territory’s inhabitants and how to proceed with the construction of a new road and rail link between the two countries.
As the negotiations continue, it is hard to see how the region will emerge from the standoff unscathed.
It is not clear how much the regional government will be able to get out of the talks.
In the past, both sides have been eager to reach a settlement before the end of the year.
But the latest round of talks is being conducted by a different team from the previous round, with the new team set to arrive in India in October.
And it is unlikely that either side will be willing to make concessions in return for India agreeing to withdraw troops from the region by the end at the earliest.
But even if it does not, the region is already suffering.
The Kashmiri community has suffered severe economic hardship as a result of the dispute.
According to the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the number of refugees displaced by the fighting is expected to rise by more than 100,000 people this year.
The conflict has also been a major factor in India’s efforts to bolster its ties with China.
Last year, it invested more than $50 billion in its economic ties with the region and plans to double that amount in 2019.
However, many believe that India’s desire to maintain the relationship with China has created an opportunity for separatists to exploit it to their advantage.
A recent report by a leading Indian think tank estimated that separatist activity had increased by almost 30 per cent over the past three years, as more people fled the region to avoid the fighting.
“The main reason for this is that India wants to see the region in its totality and to see its people as the core of its national identity,” said Rishi Kapoor, an analyst at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.
“The region is the main area of conflict in India, and separatists are trying to gain that recognition.”
The conflict in the restive region has also fuelled tensions in neighbouring Pakistan.
The two countries are at odds over Kashmir, with Pakistan’s foreign minister accusing India of trying to undermine Pakistan by using the conflict as an excuse to interfere in the country’s internal affairs.
While Indian troops have been withdrawn from the disputed areas in the past several years, the conflict in Kashmir has also deepened.
In 2016, a ceasefire broke down following months of protests and a series of militant attacks.
The Pakistani army claimed that it killed at least 2,400 civilians in the last year and injured more than 500,000 others.
The Indian army has claimed it killed around 3,000 militants.
The government of President Mamnoon Hussain has repeatedly said it is committed to resolving the conflict peacefully, and it has repeatedly denied that any militants have been killed.
However this time, a new group of armed militants have taken up arms.
The new group is the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), a group of hardline Islamic militants who were banned in Pakistan in 2014.
They are affiliated to a Pakistani militant group called Lashkar Fasaadat, or the Front of the Prophetic Army.
The group’s leader, Abu Dujana, was killed in a drone strike in July.